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Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) Schemes at a Glance

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Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) was launched on 25th December 2000 as a fully funded Centrally Sponsored Scheme to provide all weather road connectivity in rural areas of the country. The programme envisages connecting all habitations with a population of 500 persons and above in the plain areas and 250 persons and above in hill States, the tribal and the desert areas.
Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana
The objective of the Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) is to bring the assisted poor families (Swarozgaries) above the Poverty Line by ensuring appreciable sustained level of income over a period of time. This objective is to be achieved by inter alia organising the rural poor into Self Help Groups(SHGs) through the process of social mobilization, their training and capacity building and provision of income generating assets. The SHG approach helps the poor to build their self-confidence through community action. Interactions in group meetings and collective decision making enables them in identification and prioritization of their needs and resources. This process would ultimately lead to the strengthening and socio-economic empowerment of the rural poor as well as improve their collective bargaining power.
Rural Housing
Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) is a flagship scheme of the Ministry of Rural Development to provide financial assistance to the BPL households in rural areas for construction of a dwelling unit. The genesis of IAY can be traced to the programmes of rural employment which began in early 1980s. Construction of houses was one of the major activities under the National Rural Employment Programme (NREP) in 1980 and Rural Landless employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP) in 1983. IAY was launched as a sub-scheme of RLEGP and thereafter it continued as a sub-scheme of JRY in 1989. On 1st January 1996, it became an independent scheme.
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act-2005
National Rural Employment Guarantee Act was enacted on 5th September, 2005 and came into force w.e.f. 2nd February, 2006. On 31st December, 2009, the Act was renamed by an Amendment as the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005. It is now commonly referred to as Mahatama Gandhi NREGA. In its first year 200 districts were covered. This was followed by extension to 130 districts in the following year. Finally, in the 3rd year of its operation i.e. 2008-09, it was extended to 285 districts. In the meantime several new districts were created by division of older districts. Thus the coverage of districts under Mahatama Gandhi NREGA currently stands at 619.
National Social Assistance Programme
The National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) is a welfare programme being administered by the Ministry of Rural Development. This programme is being implemented in rural areas as well as urban areas. NSAP represents a significant step towards the fulfilment of the Directive Principles of State Policy enshrined in the Constitution of India which enjoin upon the State to undertake within its means a number of welfare measures. These are intended to secure for the citizens adequate means of livelihood, raise the standard of living, improve public health, provide free and compulsory education for children etc. In particular, Article 41 of the Constitution of India directs the State to provide public assistance to its citizens in case of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement and in other cases of undeserved want within the limit of its economic capacity and development. It is in accordance with these noble principles that the Government of India on 15th August 1995 included the National Social Assistance Programme in the Central Budget for 1995-96. The Prime Minister in his broadcast to the Nation on 28th July 1995 announced that the programme will come into effect from 15th August 1995. Accordingly the Govt. of India launched NSAP as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme w.e.f 15th August 1995 towards fulfilment of these principles.

posted by TALLY ADVISIOR on 4:36 AM under

1 comments:

yashaswi dwivedi said...

All of this scheme seems really appreciable and in the welfare of society but at execution level it should be effective at large impact .

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